Crop Intensiﬁcation (Definition, Objectives, Advantage, and Disadvantage)
Definition of Crop Intensiﬁcation
Crop intensification may be defined as growing of crop with intensive care and management by utilizing modern variety and technology to maximize production in a area of land.
Objectives of Crop Intensiﬁcation
1. To increase the national income.
2. Maximum use of land.
3. To decrease the insect, pest and disease.
4. To increase the soil fertility and productivity.
5. To increase the employment opportunity.
6. To recover the crop loss for different dormant condition.
7. To increase mixed or inter crop production.
8. To maximum utilization of solar radiation.
9. To increase intensification index by multiple cropping.
10.To ensure food security.
Advantage/Importance of Crop Intensiﬁcation
1) It increases yield per unit area.
2) It increase the national income.
3) It helps to Maximum use of land.
4) It decrease the insect, pest and disease.
5) It increase the soil fertility and productivity.
6) It increase the employment opportunity.
7) It recover the crop loss for different dormant condition.
8) It ensure food security.
9) Helps to reduce starvation.
10)It helps the emissions of methane from Biomass, cowdung, urine etc.
Disadvantage /Limitations of Crop Intensiﬁcation
1) Intensive farming hampers environment in many ways.
2) Crop Intensification limits or destroy the natural habitat.
3) Use of fertilizer in the crop field sometimes harmful for intensified animals.
4) Pesticides have to change the crop by destroying both harmful and useful insect.
5) It requires large amount of energy, input and transport.
6) Use of chemicals sometimes harmful both crops and animals.
If you can’t understand something please comment below…
Useful Agricultural Websites