Multiple Cropping (Definition, Objectives, Advantages/Importance and Disadvantages/Limitations)
Definition of Multiple Cropping
Multiple Cropping may be defined as the growing of more than one crop in a year from the same piece of land.
Objectives of Multiple Cropping
1. To increase the cropping intensity.
2. To increase land use intensity.
3. To obtain more crops from the same field in a year.
4. To maximize the use of land and time.
5. To increase the scope of land utilization and diversification of farming.
6. To increase cash income.
7. To cover the risk of low market prices and adverse climate on crops.
Advantages/Importance of Multiple Cropping
1) It increases production per unit area.
2) It provides a wider variety of crops.
3) It increases the farmer’s net income.
4) It increase the scope of land utilization and diversification of farming.
5) It allows better adjustment of planting time of crops.
6) It allows better utilization of labour.
7) It saves foreign currency expenditure.
8) It decreases the food deficit.
Disadvantages/Limitations of Multiple Cropping
1) It hampers seed crops production.
2) It hampers intercultural operations.
3) It decreases nutrient status in soil.
4) It creates problem in adapting farm mechanization.
5) In some multiple cropping system inter specific competition occur.