Problems of agricultural labor in Bangladesh
(1) Low standard of living: The standard of living of labor influences the efficiency. Due to poor wages the standard of agricultural labor is very low.
(2) Indebtedness: Due to seasonal employment in agriculture, the labor income is very low. In emergence situation the labor borrows money from private agency and once they have taken loan, they will not be able to repay the debt and they will be indebted for long time.
(3) Forced labor:The agricultural labors are forced to work at very low wages.
(4) Seasonal employment: The employment of agricultural labor is highly seasonal due to seasonal nature of agriculture.
(5) Irregular hours of work: The labors have to work for more working hours ranging between 10-12 hours a day.
(6) Lack of organization:Agricultural labors arc isolated and unorganized. They do not have their union to strike better bargaining with their employers.
(7) Risk: At the time of flood and drought there are losses of crop and livestock. To recover the losses they take loan. Thus their financial burden increases.
(8) Lack of education: Education is an important factor in the determination of efficiency of agricultural labor. But unfortunately in our country the agricultural labor is illiterate.
(9) Lack of subsidiary occupation: Due to lack of subsidiary occupation the agricultural labors are getting any alternative works when they have no work at the farm. Thai’s why they are unemployed in that period.
(10) Well ventilated house: The housing conditions of labors arc ill ventilated. Consequently labors do not gut fresh air and most of the time they become ill.
(11) Low wage rate:The wage rate of agricultural labor is very low. That’s why most of the time they remain less interest to their job.