Concept and Types of NGO
NGO’s may be defined as the organizations which are non-government in nature, have been established with the basic objectives of serving for the rural community by supplying money, time and labour. Its main vision is poverty alleviation and promotion of sustainable development through education, training and other activities.
During mid 60s the Non Government Organisations (NGOs) started working in then East Pakistan. Initially the activities are limited to relief and rehabilitation of people caused by natural calamities.
After the Inception of Bangladesh, the NGOs begin their activities ranging from relief and Rehabilitation to various aspects of rural developmen. Thus, the disadvantaged sections of the society received support and services of NGOs. With the passage of time, the NGOs changed their objectives from helping the helpless people’ to poverty alleviation and empowering the disadvantaged people of the society.
However the vision of NGOs is based upon the understanding of poverty alleviation and promotion
of sustainable development. These objectives are received through a broad range of programs for
education, training and activities for income and Employment generation, health and population education, building communication network in the rural areas and environmental protection.
Types of NGOs
At present several thousands NGOs are working in the country. Among these only a few are prominent. However, now the types of NGOs are working as follows:
1.Local NGO: These NGOs are working in a small scale program with limited areas.
E.g. Mymensingh palli Unnayan Prayash, Banchte Shikha, Sabalamby Unnayan Samity etc.
2.National NGO: These NGOs are working with various programs covering more target population. E.g. BRAC, PROSHIKA, RDRS Bangladesh etc.
3.International NGO: These NGOs working with few selected programs emphasizing on core issues of Human Development such as basic education, population education, environment, sustainable development etc. E.g. CARE, World vision, Hellen Keller International etc.
The NGOs receive fund both from National and international donors.