Cropping Scheme (Definition, Utility, Importance, Principle)

Cropping Scheme (Definition, Utility, Importance, Principle)

Cropping scheme definition, utility, importance and principles of preparation are given below.

Definition of Cropping Scheme 

A cropping scheme is a farm budget prepared in advance of a cropping season of the year showing the details of farm activities during the proposed year.

Utility of Cropping Scheme 

  • To prepared the farm budget for a particular financial year. 
  • To predict the expected profit or loss. 
  • To prepare the tentative plan of work during the proposed year. 
  • To determine the total amount quantity of inputs. 
  • Input to require and to know in advance. 

Importance of Cropping Scheme 

  • It indicates the cost of seasonal and varietal cultivation. 
  • For proper management of land, labor, and capital. 
  • It assists in proper functional planning. 
  • It assists in the calculation of actual net profit. 
  • It assists the maintenance of proper farm functions. 
  • It assists the preparation of the crop calendar in actual time. 
  • It helps in calculating the cultivation and non­cultivation costs. 
  • It illustrates the essential elements of a farm. 
  • It illustrates the normal and abnormal conditions of the farm. 
  • It allows calculations of the profit or loss of future crops. 

Principles of preparation of Cropping Scheme 

  • Consultation should be made of a map, indicating the farm layout such as roads, ponds, irrigation facilities, number of plots and area, etc. 
  • Varieties of the crop should be selected following local and national requirements. 
  • Proper crop rotation should be followed for maintaining soil fertility and for controlling pests and diseases. 
  • Green manuring crops should be cultivated for organic matter
  • A particular place should be earmarked for animal husbandry. 
  • Irrigation and drainage facilities should be checked and made adequate for the cropping scheme. 
  • Commercial crops should be considered. 
  • Last year’s application of fertilizer and its residual effect should be considered. 
  • A source of capital should be secured.


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