Definition of agricultural labor, Classification of labor
Definition of agricultural labor
Labor is an indispensable factor of agricultural production. No farm operation can imagine without labor.
An agricultural laborer is one who is basically unskilled and unorganized and has little for its livelihood, other than personal labor Agricultural workers maintain the quality of farms, crop, and livestock by operating, machinery and doing physical labor tinder the supervision of farmers, ranchers and other agricultural managers.
An agricultural worker is someone who works on a farm, maintaining crops such as fruits, vegetables, grains, and nuts. Some agricultural workers only tend to livestock. They typically work under the supervision of an agricultural manager where they receive on-the-job training.
Any person who is employed to a farm in connection with cultivating the soil, or in connection with raising or harvesting any agricultural or horticultural commodity, including the raising, shearing, feeding, caring for, training, and management or livestock, bees, poultry, and fur-bearing animals and wildlife.
Agricultural labor is defined as any person who is employed not only in crop production but also in hider employment in other agricultural occupation such as dairy farming, horticulture, livestock farming, apiculture, etc.
Classification of labor
A. On the basis of sources of labor
i) Family labor ii) Hired labor
Family labor includes the labor family members of the farmer. No payment as wage is given for family labor.
Hired labors include the labors performed by other than family members whose payments are given as payment. Hired labor is two types;
a) Annual labor:Labors are employed in Farm family for a year with a fixed salary.
b) Seasonal labor:A seasonal worker is an employee who performs labor or services on seasonal basis. Wages may be varied in season or season to season.
B. On the basis of productivity labor
a) Productive labor: The labor which is used towards economic activity or creation of utilities is called productive labor.
b) Unproductive labor: The labor which is used for non-economic activities is called unproductive labor.
C. On the basis of skill, labor
a) Skilled labor:A skilled worker is any worker who has special skill, training, knowledge, and (usually acquired) ability in their work. A skilled worker may have attended a college, university or technical school. Or, a skilled worker may have learned their skills on the job.
b) Unskilled labor:Unskilled labor is a segment of the workforce associated with a limited skill set or minimal economic value for the work performed. Unskilled labor is generally characterized by a lower educational attainment, such as a high school diploma, GED or lack thereof, and typically results in smaller wages.
What is the difference between skilled and unskilled labor?
Skill is a measure of the amount of worker’s expertise, specialization, wages, and supervisory capacity. Skilled workers are generally mote-trained, higher paid, and have more responsibilities. Unskilled workers are generally no or less trained, low paid, and have less responsibility to their works.
What is ‘Labor Productivity?’
Labor productivity is a measure of economic growth within a country. Labor productivity measures the amount of goods and services produced by one hour of labor; specifically, labor productivity measures the amount of real gross domestic product produced by an hour of labor.