Post-harvest technology is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the handling, storage, packaging, distribution, and sale of agricultural produce after it has been harvested. Post-harvest technology is used to improve the quality and extend the shelf life of food. It also helps to reduce wastage and improve food safety.
Post-harvest technology definition and objectives are given below-
Post harvest technology definition
Post harvest technology is a set of handling practices and applications that protect the quality of fresh fruits and vegetables from harvest until the time of consumption.
Post-harvest technology is concerned with the study and application of methods to maintain the quality of harvested commodities to prevent losses.
Importance of post-harvest technology
- Post-harvest technology is the application of technology to the post-harvest handling and storage of agricultural produce.
- Post-harvest technology can improve the quality and shelf life of agricultural products.
- Post-harvest technology can help to reduce the wastage of agricultural produce.
- Post-harvest technology can help to improve the economics of agriculture.
- Post-harvest technology is an important tool in the fight against hunger and malnutrition.
Objectives of Post harvest technology
- To reduce loss in quantity or volume and the product’s qualitative or nutritional value.
- To maintain the excellent quality of the produce (color, taste, flavor, aroma).
- To increases the shelf life of the crops.
- To keep the fruits or vegetables or commodities free from insects and pests.
- To get vegetables and fruits fresh all year round.
In conclusion, post-harvest technology is immensely important in ensuring that crops are stored and transported properly. It can help to reduce wastage and improve the quality of the crops. There are a number of different technologies that can be used, and it is important to select the right one for each crop. By using post-harvest technology, we can improve the efficiency of the agricultural industry and help to ensure that everyone has access to food.