Principles of landscape gardening
The principles used in landscaping gardening are briefly described below.
This is an imaginary line in any garden around which the garden is created. In the case of a formal garden, the central line is the axis. At the end of an axis, generally, there will be a focal point such as a birdbath.
Gardens are of two types –
- Formal garden
- Informal garden
2. Focal point:
There is a center of attraction generally and architectural features focused on as a point of interest in every garden.
3. Mass effect:
The use of one general form of plant material in a large number in one place is done to have a mass effect. Such mass arrangements do not become monotonous.
The different components of the garden should fit much harmoniously with each other. To achieve unity between the house and the garden, it is common to train creepers on the front porch, which covers the rudeness of machinery work and brings the house closer to nature. For the same reason, foundation planting is also done. It means the planting of bushy plants near the foundation of the house.
Every garden should appear larger than its actual size. One way of achieving this is to keep vast open space, preferably under the lawn, and restrict the periphery plantings, usually avoiding any planting in the center. If any planting has to be done in the center, the choice should be a tree, which branches at a higher level on the trunk or the lower branches are removed and not a bushy shrub. Such planting will not obstruct the view or make the garden smaller than its size. Another way of creating space is that paths in a garden are gradually narrowed.
6. Divisional lines:
In a landscape garden, there should not be any hard and fast divisional lines. But there is the necessity of dividing or instead screening a compost pit or mali’s quarter or a vegetable garden from the rest of the garden. Divisional lines should be artistic with a gentle curve. These lines should harmonize with one another.
7. Proportion and scale:
Proportion in a garden is the relationship between masses. A rectangle was having a ratio of 5: 8 is considered to be of pleasing proportion. As this ratio comes down, the forms look neither square nor rectangle, and the design becomes undesirable.
A design should look pleasant. It is better to have an ad – hoc design at first and then try it out on the actual spot. If it looks appealing as well as pleasing, it is implemented. The steps in a garden should be broader than those inside the house but should have low value. This means the steps are spaced wider, making climbing easier and pleasant. A tiny pool in the middle of a large lawn also looks disproportionate.
The surface character of a garden is referred to as a texture. The texture of the ground, leaves of a tree or shrub all determine the overall effect of the ground. The rugged to looking ground texture can be improved by laying small pebbles from the river beds if establishing a lawn out of the question.
9. Time and light:
As a morning sun is vital for all flowers, the designers must take this into account while planning. Garden design should be prepared in such a way that in the afternoon, it is possible to sit in a shaded place from where the best part of the garden should be visible. The right type of tree should be planted at the proper place.
A cleverly planted tree can protect a window from the strong afternoon sun, or an unplanned tree can ruin the garden’s view from the inside window. When planted in a row along a path, Royal palm or Bottle palm will throw oblique pass of shape in the morning and afternoon.
It is better to have masses of single color against a mixture of colors. A bed of roses containing only a single color of red, yellow, or pink has better beauty than a bed containing various colors.
Garden changes color from one season to another, thus symbolizing mobility or movement. Indian almond changes its leaf color into red twice annually before flowering. This improves the landscape the movement of the cluttering of birds also brings life and mobility to the garden. Large trees and birdbaths attract birds. For smaller birds, the safety of shrubberies is needed to protect them from larger predator birds.
Some plants bearing berries, such as putranzeba, can also be planted in some removed corners to attract birds. Flowering trees like silk cotton attract birds when they bloom. The seasonal flowers will bring in the motion and movement of colorful butterflies. Fountains or even a long sprinkler and strips steams in a garden serve the objective of the movement. The lily pools should be filled with colored fish, the movement of which will be added attraction.
Every garden lover has to invent his own gardening style according to his budget, test, and the nature of the site. A man can develop his own design only when he studies all the vast garden styles of the world carefully and follow their principles.