|Principles of landscape gardening|
Principles of landscape gardening (16, 15, 14)
The principles used in landscaping gardening are briefly described below
This is an imaginary line in any garden around which the garden is created. In case of formal garden the central line in the axis. At the end of an axis generally there will be a focal point such as bird – bath.
Gardens are of two types –
a. Formal garden
b. Informal garden
2. Focal point:
In every garden there is a center of attraction which is generally and architectural features focused as a point of interest.
3. Mass effect:
The use of one general form of plant material in large number in one place is done to have mass effect. Such mass arrangements do not become monotonous.
The different components of the garden should much harmoniously with each other. To achieve unity between the house and the garden it is a common practice to train creepers on the front porch, which cover rudeness machinery work and also bring the house closer to the nature. For the same reason foundation planting are also done. It means the planting of bushy plants near the foundation of the house.
Every garden should appear larger than its actual size. One way of achieving this is to keep vast open space, preferable under lawn and restricts the plantings in the periphery normally avoiding any planting in the center. If any planting has to be done in the center the choice should be a tree, which branches at a higher level on the trunk or the lower branches are removed and not a bushy shrub. Such planting will not obstruct the view or make the garden smaller than its size. Another way of creating space is that paths in a garden are gradually narrowed.
6. Divisional lines:
In a landscape garden there should not be any hard and fast divisional lines. But there is the necessity of dividing or rather screening a compost pit or mali’s quarter or a vegetable garden from the rest of the garden. Divisional lines should be artistic with gentle curve. This lines should harmonize with one another.
7. Proportion and scale:
Proportion in a garden is the relationship between masses. A rectangle having a ratio of 5 : 8 is considered to be of pleasing proportion. As this ratio comes down the forms look neither a square nor a rectangle and the design becomes undesirable. A design should look pleasant it is better to have an ad – hoc design at the first and then try it out on the actual spot. If it looks appealing as well as pleasing, it is implemented. The steps in a garden should not only the broader than those inside the house but should have low value. This means the steps are spaced wider, making climbing easier and pleasant. A tiny pool in the middle of a large lawn also looks disproportionate.
The surface character of a garden is referred as a texture. The texture of the ground, leaves of a tree or shrub which all determine the overall effect of the ground. The texture of rugged to looking ground can be improved by laying small pebbles from the river beds, if establishment of a lawn out of question.
9. Time and light:
As a morning sun is vital for all flowers, the designers has to take this into account while planning. Garden design should be planned I such a way that in the afternoon it is possible to sit in a shaded place from where the best part of the garden should be visible. The right type of tree should be planted at the proper place. A cleverly planted tree can protect a window from strong afternoon sun or an unplanned tree can ruined the view of the garden from the inside window. Royal palm or Bottle palm when planted in a row along a path will throw oblique pass of shape in the morning and afternoon.
It is better to have masses of single color against a mixture of color. A bed of roses containing only a single color of say red, yellow or pink has got better beauty, than a bed containing a mixture of color.
Garden changes color from one season to other thus symbolizing mobility or movement. Indian almond changes its leaf color into red twice annually before flowering. This improve the landscape the movement of cluttering of birds also bring life and mobility to the garden. Large trees and bird bath attract birds. For smaller birds, the safety of shrubberies is needed to protect them from larger predator birds. Some plants bearing berries such as putranzeba can also be planted in some remove corners when to attract birds. Flowering trees like silk cotton attract birds when it bloom. The seasonal flowers will bring in the motion and movement of colorful butterflies. Fountains or even a long sprinkler and strips steams in a garden serve the objective of movement. The lily pools should be filled with colored fish, the movement of which will be added attraction.
Every garden lovers has to invent his own style of gardening according to his budget, test and the nature of the site. A man can develop his own design only when he studies carefully all the vast garden style of the world and grasp the principles of them.