The scope and importance of ornamental plants are given below-
Scopes of growing ornamental plants
The scopes of growing ornamental plants are as follows:
1. The availability of favorable soil and climate: Different region of the country makes it possible for the production of important ornamental flower crops almost all through the year in some parts of the country with the growing facilities of tree plantation by road soil and air the availability of flower at different places in the country has now improved; so its scope is also enhanced.
1. Perfume industry: The cultivation of rose and jasmine is in the perfumery industry. Their need in perfumery trade in the cosmetic market and the food industry is continuously growing.
2. Cut flower: However, several improved cultivars have developed from Rose, Cosmos, Gladiolus, Chrysanthemum’s point of view. The demand for cut flowers is increasing remarkably in the developed countries. For sample, Germany which is the biggest consumer and importer of cut flower.
3. Proper use of wasteland: In our country around our houses, colleges, road, etc., there is a large area of wasteland, these lands are suitable to make ornamental plants if we take a little care, there is a great scope to make this garden.
4. Earn foreign currency: In many countries of the world, flowers are grown for lacking proper atmospheric conditions. So satisfying our domestic demand we have a great scope of exporting flowers to these countries. Thus we may earn foreign currency.
5. Solution to unemployment problem: Comparatively, more workers are required in ornamental plant production. So there creates a scope of utilizing excess labor that may lead to our unemployment problem.
6. Growth and development of new industry: Many flowers are seasonal, so all of the flowers are not found throughout the year. Therefore to make available all sorts of flowers throughout the year, the flower processing industry is developed in advanced countries. Recently in our country, processing flowers is getting motion.
Importance of ornamental plants
The importance of ornamental plants are as follows;
1. Aesthetic gratification: It makes our mind fresh after a day’s hard work and gives pleasure to our minds.
2. General decoration: Ornamental plants are used as decoration materials in birthdays, marriages, ceremonies, reception, get together, and farewells.
3. Beautification: Ornamental plants increase the beauty of homes, offices, gardens, and many other institutions.
4. Employment opportunity: Comparatively, more workers are required in ornamental plant production. So there creates a scope of utilization of excess labor.
5. For export growth: We can earn a lot of foreign exchange by exporting ornamental plants, flowers, etc., to the developed countries.
6. In the poultry feed industry: Marigold flower is processed to use as feed for poultry birds.
7. Development of a new industry: Flowers are normal. So all types of flowers are not available throughout the year. Therefore to make available sots of flower throughout the year. The flower processing industry is developed in an advanced country. Recently in our country, the attempts of processing flowers in getting motion.
8. Cosmetics and perfume: Ornamental flowers are used in the cosmetic, perfume, and scent industries and the food industry.
9. Livelihood: The people associated with ornamental plant production are different industry and nurseries can lead a better life.
10. Trade and commerce: The ornamental plant plays an essential role in commercial purposes worldwide.
11. Contribution to the national economy: Ornamental plants are as exporting to the foreign country can help as economic development of the country.
12. Medicinal Importance: Ornamental plant parts such as – root, leaf, seed, etc., are used for medicinal purposes.
13. Timber value: Furniture may be made from different ornamental plants.
14. Environmental importance: They play an essential role in improving the environment. For example, some ornamental trees have been formed to help prevent air pollution. They also provide shade and create a better micro-climate.
15. Used as a cut flower: Rose, orchid, gladiolus, tuberose are recently growing in our country. The attempt of processing flowers is getting motion.
16. Fuelwood: It is essential because they supply the fuelwood in our rural people.
17. Naming of a people: Ornamental plants are also used for soil conservation and the naming of a people.