Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
Indigenous Technical Knowledge means these knowledge that are using by farmers generation after generation in Bangladesh. It is the traditional knowledge of the farmers of Bangladesh in the production, protection and preservation of crops generated by their own and by the local people.
It is the local knowledge that is unique to given culture of society. It is the basis for local level decision making in agriculture, healthcare, food preparation, educational, natural resources management and host of other activities in rural communities.
Objectives of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
▶To keep sound environment.
▶No cost of pesticides.
▶No health hazards.
▶No pollution occur.
▶Less labour cost.
▶Use of local materials.
Commonly used Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
1. Spreading tobacco dust over the field to control insect.
2. Applying fish cleaning water at the base of leguminous (bean) and cucurbits to get benefit.
3. Detopping aus rice plants when the vegetative growth is vigorous.
4. Setting up bamboo sticks or branches of trees in rice field to sit down the birds and eat away insects which helps to control insect infestation.
5. Hand pollination of kakrol, cucurbit flowers for getting round and unique fruits.
6. Spraying Neem solution on the vegetables to control insects.
7. Intercropping garlic and potato to minimize pest attack.
8. Spreading Ash in vegetables field to control aphid.
9. Spraying cowdung mixed water in the field to prevent the attack of cattle and goat.
1. Applying cow dung to feed the fish.
2. Applying oil cakes in the pond to feed the fish.
3. Applying rice kura (rice husk) in the pond.
4. Applying lime in the pond to clean the unclean water.
5. Using banana leaves in the pond to feed grass carp.
1. Feeding garlic mixed with cowdung to chicken to control ‘Ranikhet’ disease.
2. Feeding birth controlling tablet (Maya tablet) to chicken for controlling “Ranikhet” disease.
3. Feeding rice mixed with KMnO4 to chicken for controlling cure poul chlorera.
4. Feeding the flesh of molluscus to duck for Rapid growth.
5. Feeding the katanotey grass to livestock for improving lactation.
Importance of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
1. ITK is easy skill and experience dependence. So the people of a community can solve their problems easily.
2. Many ITK have scientific value. ITK may use for scientific research.
3. It is subjective and linked with farming and involve low cost input use.
4. ITK is ecofriendly for agricultural system.
5. ITK of a specific Community help the extension worker to measure the depth of knowledge.
6. The knowledge are localised and situation specific. So ITK help the farmer to take decision in their own way.
Limitations of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
1. ITK have been passed from generation to generation orally. Errors are bound to creep in ITK in the absence of proper documentation.
2. Many of the ITK passed on to the community members in the form of proverbs, folkores and folk song. So many time member cannot remember them easily.
3. The scientific community does not accept them because many of them have not scientific interpretation.
4. ITK fail to hand up to the scientific rationality and hence modern Technology lost of many ITK.
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